Lichfield and the Civil War

Glossary of Terms

Diocesan centre
The diocese of Lichfield in the seventeenth century included all of Derbyshire and Staffordshire, as well as the northern half of Shropshire and the north and east of Warwickshire (including Birmingham and Coventry). The Church of England there was under the control of the bishop of Lichfield, based here, but with other homes too, such as Eccleshall Castle in Staffordshire.
 
Puritans
This was a reforming church movement, starting in the sixteenth century. They wanted changes more radical than those begun by the Church of England under Queen Elizabeth (1558-1603). They were strongly opposed to images in churches (wall paintings, statues etc) and other aspects of church services. They came to see bishops and the whole structure of organization, wealth and control of the church as bad and they aimed to replace this.
 
Steward and Recorder
These offices involved presiding over the courts of the manor and the city, running both administration and justice in the area.
 
Demi-culverin
This was a type of cannon, with a barrel with a diameter of about four and a half inches (about 11 centimetres).
 
Free quarter
By surrendering and being granted free quarter, troops were sure that they would not be put to death. They were shown mercy and allowed free passage through enemy lines to freedom.
 
Interregnum
This is the period between the death of Charles I in 1649 and the restoration of Charles II in 1660.
 
Reconsecrated
Consecration meant that a newly built church was officially dedicated to the service of God by its bishop. In this case, because the Cathedral had been out of use since the Civil War, the process was gone through again after the rebuilding.
 
 
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